The Land Register is a public, official directory of land plots. It includes all ownership relations and possible rights and burdens connected with the plot. Every plot has its own Land Register folio at the administrative court.
The Land Register consists of several parts. The Land Register index holds information on the location and size according to the cadastre. It shows the district, plot, and plot section. The index is followed by the three parts.
Part I defines the ownership relations. In addition to the owners, Part I also notes the distribution of the ownership; for married couples, for example, there will usually be a note “half each”.
Part II lists the easements and restrictions placed on the property. These include rights of way, rights of residence, rights of pre-emption, and similar.
Part III lists the burdens: liens on the property, mortgages and land charges. Since land charges are not automatically deleted with the payment of the final installment of the loan, they can remain in the Register even if the owner no longer has any payment obligations. Should a loan-taker change banks in the course of follow-up financing, the land charge doesn’t have to be deleted, and a new one entered. A much cheaper alternative is to assign the rights from the land charge to the successor bank.
The Land Register extract is a complete “copy” of all Land Register entries for a plot.